While it is common, puberty gingivitis is not commonly spoken about making it a surprise usually when a dentist mentions it. As with any form of gingivitis, it may progress to more serious periodontal disease if it is not identified and treated early on.
What are the main causes of puberty gingivitis?
Puberty gingivitis is most common in preadolescent boys and girls who are between the ages of 11 and 13.
This is the period of time when children and teenagers begin to gain independence when it comes to their eating habits and self-care.
Puberty gingivitis is usually caused by a combination of poor oral hygiene habits and diet, combined with elevated hormone levels during puberty (which increase the sensitivity of the gums to accumulated dental plaque). Poor nutrition can make it challenging for the body to fight off infections, which puts children at a higher risk of developing gum disease.
If your teenager has developed bad habits such as smoking or vaping, they will be more likely to develop uncomfortable oral diseases.
Being under continuous stress weakens the immune system and increases inflammation. High-stress levels, combined with poor oral health and hygiene, can cause gum disease to develop over time.
This combination of factors makes gingivitis more of a risk for young people going through puberty than it would be at other times in their lives.
What are the puberty gingivitis symptoms?
Puberty gingivitis symptoms include bleeding and inflammation of the gums. The gum tissue may also become red, swollen, and less firm to the touch. Bad breath can also be a symptom.
What are the treatment options for puberty gingivitis?
When it comes to treating the symptoms of puberty gingivitis, it is best if you don't let it happen to begin with. This makes oral hygiene an important part of your daily oral health care routine.
As your kids begin to get older it can become more difficult to convince them to do things like brushing their teeth. Gum disease can happen to anyone though and you will need to stand firm when asking your children to continue with daily oral hygiene.
Ensure that your pre-teen brushes thoroughly for two full minutes in the morning and again before bed, and flosses carefully at least once a day.
If your child has already developed gingivitis, periodontal therapy at your dentist’s office may help to get it under control. Mouthwashes containing chlorhexidine can be used to control the infection as well. Our Sault Ste. Marie dentists will also advise your teen on the correct brushing and flossing techniques for long-term dental health.